jueves, 31 de marzo de 2011

MONTAJES FOTOGRÁFICOS CON HISTORIA (I)

 Aquí os dejo un conjunto interesante de fotografías histórica que han sido manipuladas para servir a los intereses de los protagonistas que aparecen en ellas o por interés propagandístico. Los comentarios y explicaciones han quedado reducidos a lo esencial para destacar el efecto comparativo entre el original y el la fotografía retocada, o en todo caso señalamos el aspecto más significativo.

 Revolución Rusa, 1917

Original
http://diegobarnes.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/urss_truco_07.jpg
http://diegobarnes.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/urss_truco_08.jpg

En la imagen superior, la original, se puede leer en el cartel de la tienda: “Relojes, oro y plata”; en la imagen retocada, en cambio, se lee algo más acorde con los principios de la revolución: “Lucha por tus derechos”.


Original
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/46/Lenin_addresses_the_troops%2C_May_5%2C_1920_with_Trotsky_in_foreground..jpg

Retocada


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5c/Lenin_addressing_the_troops_-_May_5_1920_-_Altered.jpg

¿Y Trostky? Parece que ha desaparecido el creador del Ejército Rojo. Igual le ha ocurrido a Kamenev.

1919, iIgual le ha ocurrido en la celebración del segundo aniversario de la revolución:



http://www.malditoinsolente.com/imagenes/foto_retoque/truco_04.jpg

Stalin y la caída en desgracia de Nicolai Yezkov, durante un paseo por el Volga.

http://www.actuallynotes.com/images/Stalin-photoshop.jpg


Hitler, en 1914 y en 1932: el uso de la imagen para fines políticos

A veces el retoque es para favorecer o lograr un objetivo. En este caso la participación de Hitler en una manifestación de apoyo en las vísperas de la Gran Guerra.

http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1416/5102525069_7242692196_b.jpg

http://m1.paperblog.com/i/31/313377/fotografia-trucada-hitler-L-Pux43v.jpeg

En esta otra variante de la misma imagen el pelo de Hitler es distinto. El mechón sobre la frente aparece y desaparece por arte de magia.
La fotografía apareció por primera vez en las páginas del 'German Illustrated Observer' el 12 de marzo de 1932, en los momentos anteriores a su crucial elección como presidente de Alemania.
Segunda Guerra Mundial

Original


Retocada
http://i102.photobucket.com/albums/m115/hunnapuh/antiwar/rusia3.jpg

En la segunda imagen el humo realza el valor de los soldados colocando la bandera en mitad del fragor de la batalla.

Mussolini


http://www.cs.dartmouth.edu/farid/research/digitaltampering/mussolini1+2.jpg

La imagen del dictador Mussolini, firme y autoritaria, no podía mermarse por la ayuda de alguien sosteniendo las riendas del caballo ¿Cómo iba a liderar la nación quien no podía manejar el solo una montura?

 Hitler y Franco en Hendaya

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_8_HPuPgJMn8/ScfGkKqGPTI/AAAAAAAABXs/2sw6_RI3CRo/s1600/520170.jpg

En la foto de la derecha se muestra cómo la poco afortunada cara de Franco, con los ojos cerrados, fue sustituida sin mucho reparo por otra más adecuada.

Revolución china

Po Ku fue eliminado tras perder los favores de Mao.

 http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_1GpstsVp37c/TOqZ--vJyDI/AAAAAAAAAe8/MDI89bV8beA/s1600/fotostrucadas53.jpg

Un interesante artículo sobre la manipulación en las fotografías:

http://elcuadernodemisapuntes.blogspot.com/2010/11/el-mentiroso-y-el-cojo-ii.html

Teodoro Fernández

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