martes, 1 de marzo de 2011

ANÁLISIS Y COMENTARIO DE UNA OBRA PICTÓRICA: PINTURA RUPESTRE DE ALTAMIRA


Clasificación
Las pinturas rupestres de la cueva de Altamira (Cantabria) fueron descubiertas por Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola en 1879, pero tardaron varios años en ser reconocidas por la comunidad científica debido a su excepcional calidad y acentuado realismo. El abate Breuil (creador de la interpretación mágica de este arte) potenció su estudio y difusión internacional.

En este enlace tienes las diversas interpretaciones sobre el arte del paleolítico:





 Estas pinturas rupestres pertenecen al período magdaleniense del Paleolítico Superior y se incluyen dentro de la conocida como pintura franco-cantábrica.
Las pinturas ocupan cerca de 100 metros cuadrados y aparecen diversos animales: 17 bisontes, 2 jabalíes, una cierva, un caballo y una cabeza de toro.
http://oldearth.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/1760107_288da1c2a8_m1.jpg

Análisis
El tema es animalístico, con muchos bisontes en diferentes posiciones, sobre todo en los techos de la cueva.
El soporte son las paredes y techos de la gruta, y la técnica grasas utilizada ha sido la impresión sobre la roca porosa de colores grasos, sangre animal, savia vegetal y carboncillo machacado, aglutinado con sangre o grasa. El color se imprime con rudimentarios pinceles y trozos de piel animal.


La composición es inexistente, ya que los animales aparecen yuxtapuestos, en diferentes posiciones o se aprovecha las hendiduras y resaltes de la pared para marcar la profundidad.
La línea siendo muy simple (se marca el contorno) es muy importante formado por trazos negros gruesos desde donde se pinta con otros tonos marrones y ocres, produciendo una degradación que sugiere bulto, junto al uso de los bultos rocosos. El color, siendo de tonos muy limitados, es vivo, aunque todos de gama cálida (ocres, marrones, rojos...)

http://www.arteespana.com/cuadros/g-altamira-1.jpg
El dibujo es seguro, con trazos firmes y la luz es uniforme en toda la pintura, aunque el sombreado equilibrado ayuda al bulto  y relieve a las formas.
La profundidad no existe, ya que no interesa el paisaje, no hay representación espacial, pero si hay volumen, para acentuar el marcado realismo e incluso el detallismo que observamos en los animales., lo que nos demuestra la aguda observación de la realidad.
Las figuras aparecen representadas de una manera realista y en diferentes posiciones lo que nos acerca a un cierto movimiento, aunque no se pretendiera realizar. y varían sus actitudes y posturas. La forma de expresión es figurativa y naturalista. Aparecen con gran potencia dramática y muy bien proporcionadas.


Comentario
Estas pinturas se enmarcan en el Paleolítico Superior, una etapa en la que el hombre (ya como individuos de nuestra especie) vive de una forma nómada y en una economía depredadora. Estas representaciones aparecen en el interior de las cuevas formando conjuntos planificadamente dispuestos con una clara intencionalidad (con una finalidad instructiva o mágico religiosa). Se representa la fauna básica del entorno, es decir, los animales que forman parte de la dieta de estos grupos o de los que se obtiene algún recurso. A pesar que no se muestran los instrumentos utilizados para su caza las pinturas muestran un gran dramatismo, acentuado por su marcado realismo.


En este enlace del blog de historia de Vicente Camarasa  (sdelbiombo...) tienes un interesante y completo artículo sobre el arte paleolítico (pintura levantina...) que te recomiendo leer.

http://web20p-rs-g08.wikispaces.com/file/view/Cuevas_Tito_Bustillo.gif/65040918/Cuevas_Tito_Bustillo.gif
Cueva de Tito Bustillo
http://www.billetes.com/vuelos/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/lascaux.jpg
Cueva de Lascaux

http://artmonkeys09.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/lascaux_2.jpg
Cueva de Lascaux

Otras imágenes de Altamira:

http://annalesgeoehistoria.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/altamira.jpg



http://rsta.pucmm.edu.do/biblioteca/pinacoteca/arte%20prehistorico/imagenes/ciervo_altamira.jpg

Teodoro Fernández

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(Responsibility edits: Zhu Aimin)

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The first match begins, yang Ming forestalls his opponent by a show of strength chop below 5 minutes, 5 bannerer than 0 Liaoning team. Li Xiaoxu plays two balls repeatedly, liaoning team 11 than 4 banner. Liaoning team defends today first-rate, exterior line of extraordinarily brave of Yang Ming condition hits the target 3 minutes again, 14 than 4. Yang Ming left wing is again medium 3 minutes, 19 than 8. Fujian team is started strike back, chase after score when the first match ends to 20 than 24.
The 2nd, liaoning team continues as before first outstanding play, zhang Qingpeng and Gu Li industry score a hit 3 minutes continuously ball, quick attack of collect guest abdicateBuckle basketProcurable, liaoning team enlarges cent difference again. Subsequently Fujian team is strengthened defend, the Williams Mu that the reserve comes on the stage this the body condition with outstanding play sends adversary close over continuously, liu Yudong is successional also singles is procurable. Nevertheless Liaoning team attacks much dot to blossom, zhang Qingpeng is successive the clever De Jun that pass Han notchs, yang [url=http://www.epiphanymgmt.com/cheapjordans.aspx]cheap jordans with free shipping[/url] Ming is cast cast hit the target, collect guest abdicate fills twice basket notchs, liaoning team holds the dominant position on field from beginning to end. When first half ends, liaoning 54 bannerer than 36 big score Fujian.
Easy ground of both sides of the second half again battle, zhang Qingpeng plays two balls repeatedly, 58 than 40. Yang Ming again young tiger in 3 minutes, 63 than 44. Baud penalty area jumps cast procurable, 48 than 65. The breakthrough below Li Xiaoxu basket carries basket to take next dichotomy, 69 than 50. Yang Ming will divide difference to pull first by right of team of penalty shot help arrive greatly 20+ , 71 than 50. Williams Mu this 3 minutes are hit below basket procurable, 55 than 71. Collect guest abdicate grabs quick attack, the basket on Yang Ming is procurable, 73 than 58. The 4th match ends, liaoning team 75 than team of 61 banner still Fujian.
Last, liaoning team launchs attack above all, zhang Qingpeng long shot gets this red-letter day 3 minutes first minutes. Mu of Fujian team Williams this in cast get this team this section first minutes. This section begins phase, 3 minutes of balls begin Zhang Qingpeng hair power, for many times long shot hits the target. This section middle, fujian team was strengthened defend, liaoning team attacks occurrence error, fujian team plays score difference arrive 10 minutes nearly. Match extreme, liaoning team controlled the rhythm on field, carry the victory end of a show. Most Liaoning team advocate 91 than team of 81 conquer Fujian.
Both sides head sends:
Liaoning team: Ao Dejie, Zhang Qingpeng, Liu Xiangtao, Yang Ming, Li Xiaoxu
Fujian team: Zhao Tailong, Lv Xiaoming, Gong Songlin, baud, Liu Yudong

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